A new technological revolution is in the making as chemistry is challenged by plasma physics, and coal, oil and gas are being substituted by electricity.
Plasma physics to replace chemical processes
Until recently mankind have managed without plasma because fossil fuels and
chemistry in combination have done the job. In the future, we will have to spend energy on producing what we previously set out to make from coal, oil or gas to ensure sustainability, profitability and meet climate measurements. Advanced materials and plastic will be made from CO2, not from oil.
Without cheap and easily available coal, oil and gas, global industry will have to get both their energy and their building blocks from new sources.
Good for Norway
With electricity as the new energy carrier, plasma is the obvious principle for bringing in energy and getting the process started. For a country like Norway, this is great news and in line with our history and traditions. Given that norwegian electricity sourcing is generated in hydroelectric power plants, Norway is already 99% green and have the “upstream” part, i.e. half of the decarbonization done. This alone represents a head start in the sustainability race.
As to “downstream”, plasma is the future for reasons explained above. In Norway, we can move directly to pole position here, and we are already doing so in the areas of:
Iron ore reduction,
Titanium component 3D printing
Nano particles production
New race within plasma research
In N2 Applied we believe we are next to proving the competitiveness of plasma in the post fossil economic world order. Our ambition was recently confirmed at an international plasma conference gathering cutting edge researchers in the world. Traditionally, plasma research has been initiated within medical science. Only recently, considerable resources have been invested in plasma for agriculture with Japan, Korea and Germany leading the way. As plasma is a technology platform, farmers might utilize it for more than fertilizer production:
For mobility of nutrients in soil
Some of the leading plasma researchers in the world participated at The 1st
International Workshop on Plasma Agriculture organized by A.J. Drexel Plasma Institute on May 15.-20th 2016 in, in Camden, New Jersey. Rune Ingels, the N2 Applied CTO, was invited to adress the workshop where Dr. Alexander Friedman, a guru in today’s plasma research community, participated. Following the presentation Dr. Fridman claimed that he knew of no one else in the world who is working on the use of plasma in agriculture for the same purpose as N2 Applied is pursuing – nitrogen fixation from air to produce fertilizer small scale. We received valuable and indeed promising feedback adding Dr. Alexander Fridman and Dr. Greg Fridman to our highly resourceful group of supporters.
The field of physics that studies highly ionized gases. Plasma is a gas of charged and neutral particles which exhibits collective behavior. All gases become ionized at sufficiently high temperatures, creating what has been called a fourth state of matter, together with solids, liquids, and gases. It has been estimated that more than 99% of the universe is in the plasma state. On the Earth, plasmas are much less common. Lightning is a familiar natural manifestation, and fluorescent lights are a practical application. Plasma applications and studies make use of an enormous range of plasma temperatures, densities, and neutral pressures. They extend from plasma processing applications at relatively low temperatures, such as plasma etching of semiconductor chips at low pressure, or plasma cutting torches at atmospheric pressure, to studies of controlled fusion at very high temperatures.
(Source: The Free Dictionary by Falex)